Ganapati puja online dating
The Tibetan Kangyur, which belongs to the various schools of Tibetan Vajrayana Buddhism, in addition to containing sutras and vinaya, also contains tantras.The earliest Buddhist texts were passed down orally in Middle Indo-Aryan languages called Prakrits, including Gāndhārī language, the early Magadhan language and Pali through the use of repetition, communal recitation and mnemonic devices.Some Pali texts also contain ideas that later became synonymous with the Mahayana.The Garbhāvakrānti Sūtra is included in both the Vinaya Pitaka of the Mulasarvastivada, one of the early schools, and the Ratnakuta, a standard collection of Mahayana sutras.Some 600 Mahayana Sutras have survived in Sanskrit, or in Chinese and/or Tibetan translation.In the Mahayana tradition there are important works termed Shastras, or treatises which attempt to outline the sutra teachings and defend or expand on them.Some Mahayana texts are also thought to display a distinctly tantric character, particularly some of the shorter Perfection of Wisdom sutras.An early tantra, the Mahavairocana Abhisambodhi Tantra, is also known as the Mahavairocana Sutra.
The Mahayana sutras are traditionally considered by Mahayanists to be the word of the Buddha, but transmitted either in secret, via lineages of supernatural beings (such as the nagas), or revealed directly from other Buddhas or bodhisattvas.
These religious texts were written in many different languages and scripts but memorizing, reciting and copying the texts were of high value.
Even after the development of printing, Buddhists preferred to keep to their original practices with these texts.
Doctrinal elaborations were preserved in Abhidharma works and later Karikas (verse expositions).
As Buddhism spread geographically, these texts were translated into the local language, such as Chinese and Tibetan.
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Buddhist texts were initially passed on orally by monks, but were later written down and composed as manuscripts in various Indo-Aryan languages which were then translated into other local languages as Buddhism spread. The Western terms "scripture" and "canonical" are applied to Buddhism in inconsistent ways by Western scholars: for example, one authority says that scriptures can be categorized into canonical, commentarial and pseudo-canonical.